January 26, 1788 was the date on which Captain Arthur Phillip took formal possession of the colony of New South Wales. In the early 1880s the day was known as ‘First Landing’, ‘Anniversary Day’ or ‘Foundation Day’. In 1946 the Commonwealth and State governments agreed to unify the celebrations on January 26 as ‘Australia Day’. The day became a public ...
1972Tent Embassy established in front of Parliament House, Canberra
Herbert Stanley (Bert) Groves (1907-1970), Aboriginal activist, was born on 4 February 1907 at Walhallow (Caroona) Aboriginal station, near Quirindi, New South Wales
Valentine Bynoe McGinness (1910-1988), rights activist for Aboriginal people of mixed ancestry, musician and songwriter, was born on 14 February 1910 at the Lucy tin mine, Bynoe Harbour, west of Darwin
Caroline Lillian Archer (1922-1978), telephonist and Aboriginal publicist, was born on 22 February 1922 at Cherbourg Aboriginal Reserve, near Murgon, Queensland,
David Sands (1926-1952), boxer, was born on 24 February 1926 at Burnt Bridge, near Kempsey, New South Wales